This lesson presents the most popular writing system in Incudea, the so-called Teivan script. The phonemes are rendered according to the IPA system and follow the more or less standard pronunciation of the Silver Sisters. The speech of other Inculae (not to mention other species) can sound quite different.
|r||r, rr||/r/ = [ɾ, r]||ri|
|t 4||t, th||/t/ = [t, θ]||to|
|n 2||n||/n/ = [n, ŋ]||no|
There is one additional "vowel companion" glyph, 7, which is silent and not listed among the letters of the alphabet. (See the next lesson)
Some letters have more than one possible pronunciation:
r (/r/) is realized among Inculae in one of two ways: "soft" (an alveolar tap, as in Spanish pero) and "hard" (an alveolar trill, as in Spanish perro.) The Academy guidelines for correct use are very specific:
- An r that is part of a consonant cluster is soft.
- An r that has a final position in a syllable is soft, whether the syllable ends a word or not.
- An r that has initial position in a word is hard.
- An r that has initial position in a syllable and is preceded by a consonant is hard.
- An r that has initial position in a syllable and is preceded by a vowel is hard unless:
- The r is preceded by a diphthong ending in -i (ai, ei, oi or ui)
- The r is preceded by the diphthong au
- The r is followed by a diphthong beginning with -i (ia or io)
- The r is followed by the diphthong ui
- The r is preceded and followed by the same simple vowel (i.e. ara, ere, iri, oro, uru)
t (/t/) has two allophones, romanized here as t and th. th occurs at the end of words, whereas t occurs everywhere else.
v (/v/) is most often heard as [v] in Incudea, but [w] is not at all uncommon. Among the Big 8 planets, [w] predominates in Naxis, Glowgem and Ikrilath. In these locations, /vr/ and /vl/ are also pronounced differently, often as /fr/ and /fl/ respectively.
n (/n/) is velarized in syllable-final position when the syllable in question is not the last one in the word.
Other variations are covered in the next lesson.