Haloed Bane

Lesson Two

After declaiming in a roundabout way on the fundamental paradox behind the Upa Rebellion -to wit, that it is driven by the most promising members of Incudean society- sixth graders who after wreaking havoc far and wide often rise to lead Incudea as seventh graders- the author turns to the matter at hand.

Gutunjarpamir shemprister nu Upatorra hasturara lorshen nu denma Glianduiseije u Flak Ansel.

  • gutunjarpamir - verb; passive form of /gum/ know + noun; singular of /jarpamir/ victim - known victim
  • shemprister - noun; singular of /shempris/ firstness + possessional suffix; /-ter/ - first
  • nu - qualifier; /nu/ of - of
  • Upatorra - noun; singular of /Upa/ Upa + noun; singular of /torra/ rebellion - Upa Rebellion
  • hasturara - noun; singular of /hastur/ chance + verb; past of /me/ be - happened to be
  • lorshen - noun; singular of /lor/ soul + numeral; /shen/ one - archon
  • nu - qualifier; /nu/ of - of
  • denma - noun; singular of /denma/ province - Province
  • Glianduiseije - noun; singular of /gliandui/ permanence + noun; singular of /seije/ column, pillar - Columna Perennis
  • u - ordinator; /u/ in, on - on
  • Flak - adjective; /flak/ silver-colored - Silver
  • Ansel - noun; singular of /ansel/ planet - Planet

Shemprisijil nu Banuibel, Gro.Kro. 40351.

  • shemprisijil - noun; singular of /shempris/ firstness + noun; singular of /ijil/ light - First Light
  • nu - qualifier; /nu/ of - of
  • Banuibel - ordinator; /banui/ outside + noun; singular of /bel/ gryphon - Banuibel
  • Gro.Kro. - noun; abbreviated form of /grimir/ flayer + noun; abbreviated form of /krasa/ calendar, reckoning - F.R. (Flayer Reckoning)

Klontein vas donyol nu shuprisfavichir omekrisanglari he lehen nu Manlaungrukenir.

  • Klontein - personal name - Klontein
  • vas - verb; imperfect of /me/ be - was
  • donyol - noun; singular of /donyol/ unniece - unniece
  • nu - qualifier; /nu/ of - of
  • shuprisfavichir - noun; singular of /shupris/ sixthness + noun; singular of /favichir/ grader - sixth grader
  • omekrisanglari - temporal; compound form of /ima/ before + verb; gerundial form of /krisam/ step + adjectival suffix for gerunds; /i/ - pioneering
  • he - connector; /he/ and - and
  • lehen - noun; singular of /lehen/ great-grandchild - great-grandchild
  • nu - qualifier; /nu/ of - of
  • Manlaungrukenir - personal name; /Manlaun/ + noun; singular of /grukenir/ lady - Manlaun lady

Tan mar alui furrar albaglajorins paniamenglari la infikins.

  • tan - 3rd person singular pronoun (sapient); singular of /tan/ she, he - she
  • mar - verb; characteristic present of /me/ be - is
  • alui - noun; singular of /alui/ fame - famous
  • furrar - qualifier; /furra/ because of, for + possessional suffix; /r/ - for
  • albaglajorins - noun; singular of /alba/ greatness, large size + noun; plural of /glajor/ eye - large eyes
  • infipaniamenglari - noun; compound form of /infi/ cloud + verb; gerundial form of /paniamem/ scatter + adjectival suffix for gerunds; /i/ - scattering
  • la - qualifier; /la/ of - of
  • infikins - noun; plural of /infi/ cloud - clouds

Main kral enans jum ashins nu vutatins chaul tan tru tulinirgal tran flainam piafon punam.

  • main - ordinator; /main/ on - on
  • kral - qualifier; /kral/ just, exact, very - very
  • enans - proximal demonstrative pronoun; plural of /ena/ this - these
  • jum - verb; /jum/ be present - were
  • ashins - distal demonstrative pronoun; plural of /ashi/ that - those
  • nu - qualifier; /nu/ of - of
  • vutatins - quantifier; singular of /vuth/ all, everyone + quantifier; plural of /ath/ other, another - all others
  • chaul - connector; /chaul/ as, while - as
  • tan - 3rd person singular pronoun (sapient); /tan/ she, he - she
  • tru - ordinator; /tru/ up to, as far as - up to
  • tulinirgal - noun; singular of /tuli/ magnetism + noun; singular of /nirgal/ platform - magnetodais
  • tran - qualifier; /tran/ for, to - to
  • flainam - verb; /flainam/ begin, open - open
  • piafon - noun; singular of /piafon/ festival - festival
  • punam - verb; /punam/ slide, walk gracefully - walked gracefully

Tanchano vais orkus tran vutins, ha pashgema urrom shulvlochins bashter.

  • tanchano - 3rd person singular pronoun (sapient); /tan/ she, he + noun; singular of /chano/ smile - her smile
  • vais - verb; characteristic imperfect of /me/ be - was
  • orkus - noun; singular of /orkus/ politeness - polite
  • tran - qualifier; /tran/ for, to - to
  • vutins - quantifier acting as a pronoun; plural of /vuth/ all, everyone - all
  • ha - connector; /ha/ and - and
  • pashgema - noun; singular of /pash/ solid + noun; singular of /gema/ gaze - stare
  • urrom - verb; /urrom/ bother - bothered
  • shulvlochins - noun; singular of /shul/ person + quantifier; plural of /vloch/ sole, only - only the people
  • bashter - noun; singular of /bash/ badness + possessional suffix; /-ter/ - bad

Horgothic Text

Gutunjarpamir shemprister nu Upatorra hasturara lorshen nu denma Glianduiseije u Flak Ansel. Shemprisijil nu Banuibel, Gro.Kro. 40351. Klontein vas donyol nu shuprisfavichir omekrisanglari he lehen nu Manlaungrukenir. Tan mar alui furrar albaglajorins paniamenglari la infikins. Main kral enans jum ashins nu vutatins chaul tan tru tulinirgal tran flainam piafon punam. Tanchano vas rum orkus tran vutins, ha pashgema urrom shulvlochins bashter.

English Translation

The first known victim of the Upa Rebellion happened to be the archon of Columna Perennis Province in the Silver Planet. First Light of Banuibel, F.R. 5323. Klontein was the unniece of a pioneer sixth grader and great-grandchild of a Manlaun lady. She was famous for her large, cloud-scattering eyes. On those very (eyes) were all others', as she walked gracefully up to the magnetodais to open the festival. Her smile was polite to all; her stare bothered only the bad people.

CONTENT NOTES

  • archon - Literally, soul-one. The chief of an Incudean Province. Columna Perennis was and is a relatively unimportant province in the western part of the Silver Planet.
  • First Light of Banuibel, F.R. 5323. - The first day of the year in the Incudean calendar. Inculae use a base-six system, therefore the year 40351 would typically be rendered as 5323 by humans.
  • unniece - The coinage is a literal translation of the Horgothic. In Incudean society, one's unniece is the child of one's consort (Inculae self-fertilize, so every child has but one parent, but the process usually requires assistance from a second person, the so-called consort).
  • Manlaun lady - A lady (the Horgothic literally means shieldperson) is a low-ranking member of one of the Incudean noble houses, of which Manlaun is one.
  • magnetodais - A dais with a magnetic field, as the English implies.

GRAMMAR NOTES

Verb Morphology

The majority of Horgothic verbs do not decline to denote tense, that role being taken by helping words, and there being a strong tendency toward avoiding any such specifications when the context makes them clear. The verb min (present: me, past: ara, future: lis, imperfect: vas etc.) is the main exception. This verb, along with a handful of other copular verbs, has characteristic forms, whose role is to convert certain predicate nouns into adjectives, that is to say, into characteristics of the subjects in sentences.

The passive voice in verbs is denoted by the suffix -tu-. Gerunds are created by attaching the suffix -glar, to which a further suffix -i can be attached to express an adjectival function (if the gerund is the first element in a compound then this second suffix is omitted).

Present Tense Imperfect Tense Gerund Gerund as Adjective
HORGOTHIC luzem vas luzem luzenglar luzenglari
ENGLISH ride/s rode / used to ride riding (n.) riding (adj.)

Characteristic Suffixes for Prepositions

In the phrase furrar albaglajorins, instead of the noun for greatness alba taking on an adjectival suffix, the preposition furra takes on a suffix instead. This in turn forces (in terms of the logic of the language) the two nouns alba and glajorins to be compounded. The phrase is exactly equivalent to furra glajorins albon, where albon is an irregulary formed denominal adjective. These suffixes attaching to prepositions are called "characteristic," and are seen as analogous to the so-called characteristic forms of verbs, that is, they allow for nouns to act as adjectives without changing form. Note that whereas characteristic prepositions always affect attributive adjectives, characteristic verbs affect predicate adjectives (min is special in that it can affect adjectives of both types).

Third Person Pronouns

Which of the three most widely used 3rd person singular pronouns is employed hinges solely on the noun being referred to. Nouns denoting sapient beings take the pronoun tan. Non-sapient nouns take either uth (if the noun ends in a single vowel) or man (if the noun ends in a diphthong or a consonant). In the plural, uns refers to a group of sapients and mans to any and all non-sapients.

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